Tracking Retail Closures

At Fourth Economy we have been tracking the news about retail store closures.  These store closures often can leave significant redevelopment challenges for local community and economic development officials. In future posts we will highlights some of the ways that communities are dealing with these buildings. According to Business Insider more than 5,000 store closures have been announced so far, with the potential for nearly 9,000 store closures by the end of 2017. These store closings are the most physical manifestation of the challenges facing the retail sector.

As a resource to the community, Fourth Economy has started to identify and compile a list of retail store closings. Tracking down the locations has proven to be a challenge, but we have identified 1,768 of these closings so far.  You can see the results in the above Working Map of Retail Closings, created in Tableau Public.  We are providing this as a resource to the community and will continue to update it as closings are announced and locations identified.  If you know of any closings in your area, please send them to engage@fourtheconomy.com and we will update the map.

Stay tuned for more.

Co-authors: Jamie Reese & Katie Grauer

New Economics of Land Use

A great American poet once said, “For the times they are a-changing.”  That is especially true today in our economy. Underneath the radar of the rhetoric and public spotlight, the changes in the economy are generating a ripple effect for how industries and people use land.  Land use is not a topic that is top of mind for most people, but a few local governments are waking up to the reality that a number of forces are beginning to change the need for land, and ultimately its value.  Local governments care deeply about land use, or they should, because the value of land translates into the property tax revenues they need to maintain the community. Continue reading “New Economics of Land Use”

Checking Up on the Health of Pittsburgh’s Startup Economy

Much attention has been paid to Pittsburgh’s burgeoning cohort of tech startups — but, more broadly, how is the climate for startup businesses in Pittsburgh, and what does it indicate about our city’s entrepreneurial culture? The Kauffman Index is one of the most prominent rankings of entrepreneurship and startup activity. Its release is often used to measure how Pittsburgh is doing compared to other metropolitan areas–and how we’ve progressed over time.

The 2016 Kauffman Index shows that entrepreneurship in the Pittsburgh region continues to lag behind other major metropolitan areas. Pittsburgh ranks 40th in startup activity in 2016, unchanged from our 2015 ranking. However, our rate of new entrepreneurs slipped from 150 new firms per 100,000 adults in 2015 to just 120 in 2016. By way of comparison, Austin, which ranked first in 2015 and 2016, saw its rate of new entrepreneurs go from 550 per 100,000 in 2015 to 600 in 2016. This means that Austin generated five times as many new firms per 100,000 adults as Pittsburgh did last year. Continue reading “Checking Up on the Health of Pittsburgh’s Startup Economy”

Education and Growth

paytas-main-blog_imageKnowledge is not an excludable good.

I have been thinking a lot lately about what drives economic growth and who shares in it. There are a lot of explanations out there, and I expect that we will hear a lot more theories about uneven growth in the months and years to come.

Thinking about what powers our economic growth, education exerts an increasing influence on the distribution of benefits (Figure 1). Earnings are higher and unemployment is lower as the level of individual educational attainment increases. Continue reading “Education and Growth”

Fourth Economy’s Jerry Paytas Appears on “Workforce Central” Podcast

I recently had the opportunity to appear on the Workforce Central podcast, where I discussed the current state of the economy, trends that workforce boards should be aware of, and my thoughts about the impact of the upcoming election on the overall U.S. economy. Workforce Central is the official podcast of the National Association of Workforce Boards.  The podcast is hosted by Ron Painter, President of the NAWB.

GASB Shines a Light on Tax Abatements

Paytas-Blog2-Web-05-2016The Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) has implemented new guidelines[1] for disclosing tax abatements with the requirements taking effect for financial statements for periods beginning after December 15, 2015. These new regulations will require a significant change in the operating procedures and record-keeping of many economic development organizations and local governments. Chances are many are not ready to meet the requirements of the new GASB standards. Continue reading “GASB Shines a Light on Tax Abatements”

Measure Up!

Paytas-Blog1-Web-05-2016The ripple effect of big data and analytics is hitting economic development. There has been a resurgence in new tools that package economic data to make it more accessible to a wider audience. A lot of these tools are using aggregated data that is useful but it is often not granular enough to inform an individual EDO or city about how to improve its economy and what is working.

To do that we need better data that is more granular with details about specific projects and specific companies. Big Data relies on and pushes for this kind of transactional data. Much of this kind of economic data does exist but it is walled off by various bureaucratic walls. We are a long way from incorporating Big Data into economic development, and there are real risks with a pure Data Analytics approach to understanding economies and creating development strategies. Continue reading “Measure Up!”

NIST Announces NMII Competition

Paytas-Blog-20160405Recently, The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced the competition to award its first National Manufacturing Innovation Institute (NMII).  Proposers may focus on any advanced manufacturing technology area not already addressed by another institute or open competition. Seven institutes have been funded to date with two currently moving through the review and negotiation process. After attending the Proposer Day session on March 8, 2016, it is clear that many proposal teams have already been formed. Continue reading “NIST Announces NMII Competition”

Big Disruptions – Water

121102-WaterWhile research and data can often predict trends in our economy, large, disruptive changes can have signifiant impacts on how we live our lives. The economy is changing rapidly, growing more interconnected and dynamic. Now more than every past trends do not indicate future performance. Unfortunately, the tools of economic analysis are much better at predicting stable patterns than at predicting significant inflection points and transitions. The data and methods of economics tells us about the past, so even when we do it well, it helps us to predict the stable patterns – it does not predict big disruptions like the housing collapse of 2008. In a recent webinar for the University Economic Development Association (UEDA), I discussed three areas of disruption that will have a major impact on most of our communities. 1) System Disruption, 2) Environmental Disruption, and 3) Cultural Disruption.

You can view the webinar here. This blog post is the first in a series that will explore how a specific community is preparing for one of these disruptions. Milwaukee has taken the issue of water head on. In 2009, a group of Milwaukee-area businesses, education and government leaders formed The Water Council as a 501(c)(3) organization with a mission of aligning the regional freshwater research community with water-related industries. The Water Council links global water technology companies, innovative water entrepreneurs, government, nonprofits, and researchers with a shared commitment to finding innovative solutions to critical global water issues.
Continue reading “Big Disruptions – Water”